The composition of the medicinal mushroom chaga
We want to go through all the health benefits that make up chaga mushroom based on a large number of scientific studies
- Pterin is one of the main biologically active substances of chaga, helps restore the body's working capacity, and improves overall well-being.
- Polysaccharides Chaga contains structural polysaccharides within its chitin walls, which provide energy, cardiovascular health, intestinal and liver health, and promote healthy blood sugar levels.
- Agaric and humic acids. The hepatoprotective properties of chaga are due to the agaric and humic acids that make up damaged liver cells.
- Beta-D-Glucans are known for their ability to modulate the immune system. Beta-D-Glucans also help with normalizing cholesterol levels and blood sugar. Beta-D-Glucans may activate the body's immune response; create a strong defense mechanism against viruses, bacteria, carcinogens and fungi. Beta-D-Glucans are an antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals.
- Betulin and Betulinic Acid (Triterpenes) is a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid. Betulinic acid and its derivatives have anti-inflammatory, antitumor and anti-HIV activity. Betulinic acid is currently being researched for its anti-cancer activity. Betulinic acid is known to have an antiproliferative effect on breast cancer cells, due to inhibition of the expression of cyclin and topoisomerase, inducing to a cell-cycle arrest.
- Organic acids: oxalic, acetic, formic, vanillic, syringic, oliquic and ionic. Organic acids are organic substances that exhibit acidic properties. Organic acids participate in digestion, and energy metabolism, activate intestinal motility, slow down the development of putrefactive bacteria and fermentation processes in the large intestine. The concentration of organic acids in the human body reflects the level of mitochondria functioning, oxidation of fatty acids and carbohydrate metabolism. Moreover, the compounds contribute to the spontaneous restoration of the acid balance of the blood.
- Phytosterol is a group of natural compounds found in plant cell membranes. When consumed they compete with cholesterol since phytosterols are structurally very similar to cholesterol. As a result, cholesterol absorption is blocked, and the level of cholesterol in the blood decreases. Of all the phytosterols present in chaga mushroom, 45% are Lanosterol, 25% are Inotodiols, and the remaining 30% are Ergosterol, Fecosterol and several others. Tests showed a positive effect of Lanosterol and Inotodiol on cancer cells, while Lanosterol also has a positive effect on viral compounds.
- Lanosterol has antioxidant anticancer and immunomodelling properties, but its content in the cultured phase is 3.6% compared to 45.4% in the natural phase (it is soluble in boiling water)
- Cellulose – is a part of the plant food structure not digested by the digestive enzymes of the gastrointestinal tract, but digested by the symbiotic microflora of the large intestine. Dietary fiber slows down the passage of food through the digestive tract while helping to cleanse the body. This is rather important property since the number of overweight people and people with dysbacteriosis is increasing.
- Flavonoids is a diverse group of chemicals found in fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids extracted from chaga melanin induce its anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and diuretic effect, which helps remove toxins from the body.
- Melanin shows antioxidant and gene protective activities
- Macro and micronutrient elements: copper, barium, zinc, iron, silicon, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium.
Several standardized medications were produced from chaga at the Botanical Institute of Leningrad back in the 1950s. One of the most famous among them is BEFUNGIN, containing chaga extract and cobalt salts. BEFUNGIN is used primarily to treat ulcers and gastritis, but it is also used in the early stages of cancer treatment and helps reduce the side effects of cancer treatments.